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SAT-Critical-Reading日本語版&英語版 真実試験の模擬試験 問題1:
The following two passages deal with the political movements working for the woman's vote in
The first organized assertion of woman's rights in the United States was made at the Seneca Falls
convention in 1848. The convention, though, had little immediate impact because of the national
that would soon embroil the country. The contentious debates involving slavery and state's rights
preceded the Civil War soon took center stage in national debates.
Thus woman's rights issues would have to wait until the war and its antecedent problems had been
addressed before they would be addressed. In 1869, two organizations were formed that would play
important roles in securing the woman's right to vote. The first was the American Woman's Suffrage
Association (AWSA). Leaving federal and constitutional issues aside, the AWSA focused their
on state-level politics. They also restricted their ambitions to securing the woman's vote and
discussion of women's full equality. Taking a different track, the National Woman's Suffrage
(NWSA), led by Elizabeth Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, believed that the only way to assure the
term security of the woman's vote was to ground it in the constitution. The NWSA challenged the
exclusion of woman from the Fifteenth Amendment, the amendment that extended the vote to
African-American men. Furthermore, the NWSA linked the fight for suffrage with other inequalities
by woman, such as marriage laws, which greatly disadvantaged women.
By the late 1880s the differences that separated the two organizations had receded in importance as
women's movement had become a substantial and broad-based political force in the country. In
two organizations joined forces under the title of the National American Woman's Suffrage
(NAWSA). The NAWSA would go on to play a vital role in the further fight to achieve the woman's
In 1920, when Tennessee became the thirty-eighth state to approve the constitutional amendment
securing the woman's right to vote, woman's suffrage became enshrined in the constitution. But
suffrage did not happen in one fell swoop. The success of the woman's suffrage movement was the
of a number of partial victories that led to the explicit endorsement of the woman's right to vote in
As early as the 1870s and 1880s, women had begun to win the right to vote in local affairs such as
municipal elections, school board elections, or prohibition measures. These "partial suffrages"
demonstrated that women could in fact responsibly and reasonably participate in a representative
democracy (at least as voters). Once such successes were achieved and maintained over a period of
time, restricting the full voting rights of woman became more and more suspect. If women were
decide who was on the local school board, why should they not also have a voice in deciding who was
president of the country? Such questions became more difficult for non-suffragists to answer, and
logic of restricting the woman's vote began to crumble
When is the earliest success of the woman's suffrage movement that the second passage points to?
E. 1920 正解:
The earliest time that the second passage points to is the 1870s (the first passage refers to the
Falls convention in 1848), and so C. is the answer.
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